Names, terms, dates 3 – The Great Fire of London

THE GREAT FIRE OF LONDON

Plague, the and epidemic that killed lots of people around Europe from the 14th to the 17th century
Pudding Lane the Great Fire of London started here in a bakery
London Bridge 1 Old (Medieval) London Bridge was opened in 1209. It took 33 years to build. There were high houses o the bridge, and a drawbridge in the centre to let tall ships pass through.
2 New London Bridge was opened in 1831, it was the busiest bridge in London in the 19th century.
3 Modern London Bridge: it wa opened by Queen Elizabeth II in 1973. It connects the City and Southwark in central London.
King Charles II (Stewart, 1660-1685) He became king in 1660, after Britain was a republic for 11 years (1649-60; led by Oliver Cromwell and Richard Cromwell). In Charles II’s reign occurred the Plague, the Fire of London and the Dutch Wars. On his death-bed he turned into a Roman Catholic from Anglican Protestant.
Thomas Farynor (/ Farriner) King Charles II’s baker, the Great Fire of London started in his bakery.
Samuel Pepys A diary writer whose diary was important to get details about the Great Fire of London. It was said that he buried his best quality cheese and wine before he escaped from the fire.
Duke of York, the A title of nobility (like the Prince of Wales, Duke of Conwall etc.).  It is usually given to the second-born son of the current British monarch. Present Duke of York is *HRH Prince Andrew.

(*HRH: His Royal Highness)

St Paul’s Cathedral the most important cathedral in London, a new St Paul’s was built after the Great Fire of London
Christopher Wren, Sir An architect in the 17th century, he designed and rebuilt 52 churches after the Great Fire of London, including his masterpiece, St Paul’s Cathedral. He died at the age of 91.
Monument, the built in the City near Pudding Lane, it is 62 m high (202 feet), the exact distance from its base and the bakery where the fire started