The 50 states

Click HERE for Names, terms and dates of the topic on Quizlet.

There were 13 original colonies on the east coast of the present day USA. These were:

The New England colonies: New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Connecticut;
The Middle colonies: New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and Delaware;
The Southern colonies: Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia.

The 13 states were established by the Articles of Confederation on March 1, 1781.

Each state in the USA has its own: abbreviation, state capital, and symbols such as a state flag, a state bird, a state tree, a state flower and a state song. To learn more about the above click HERE.

Some facts about states
Play this game on state name abbreviations. Can you solve them all?

ALASKA (AK):

  • the largest state of the USA;
  • there is Mt McKinley, the highest point in the USA (or Mt Denali in Denali National Park; 6,187 m) – 17 out of the 20 most highest points of the USA are located in Alaska;
  • it’s the coldest state;
  • fishing, mining and oil industries are important in Alaska;
  • it’s the “Bear Country”.

How to photograph bears:

FLORIDA (FL):

WASHINGTON (WA)

  • named in the honor of the first American president, George Washington;
  • WA’s state capital is Olympia;
  • WA’s most important industry is forestry: a new tree is planted for each tree that is cut down, so the state has beautiful forests;
  • orchards are important, too – WA is the no.1 in the USA for apples and pears;
  • rivers are also important – 40 different kinds of fish live in them, the most popular is the salmon.

HAWAII (HI)

  • it is not a mainland state since it’s located in the Pacific Ocean;
  • it consists of 8 islands and each island has its own flower and color;
  • it is the only state that has its own time-zone called Hawaiian-Aleutian;
  • its capital city is Honolulu on Oahu Island;
  • the only US state that grows coffee;
  • from east to west HI is the widest state.

TEXAS (TX)

  • the largest mainland state in the USA;
  • home to cowboys and lots of ranches (the King Ranch is larger than the state of Rhode Island, the smallest US state);
  • oil mining is very important in TX as well as agriculture, cattle and beef production;
  • it is the biggest producer of wool in the USA;
  • TX has a unique jam (=jelly) made of jalapeno, a spicy pepper.

MINNESOTA (MN)

  • the “Land of 10,000 Lakes” – in fact there are more than 11,000 lakes;
  • MN locates the source of Mississippi River (in Lake Itasca);
  • it has the second largest shopping mall in the USA called “Mall of America” that is home to an indoor theme park (Nickelodeon Universe) and Sea Life Minnesota Aquarium.

A 5-minute journey on the Mississippi from its source to its delta.