The system of Checks and Balances

THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH

Minimum requirements to become the U.S. president:

  • age limit: 35 max. age limit: NO
  • nationality at birth: American; U.S. residence: yes; min. length: 14 yrs

Presidential roles / duties:

  • Chief of State; Head of Government; Commander-In-Chief of the Armed Forces;
  • Must live in the White House? Yes.
  • Greet leaders of other nations; help to create treaties;
  • the U.S. president is elected for 4 years, maximum 2 times
  • Sign or veto bills made by the Legislative Branch

CheckesandBalances2THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH

The Congress: The House of Representatives and  The Senate

Duties:

  • Make laws; regulate trade (= commerce);
    tax the people;
  • declare wars;

A member of the H. of Reps:

  • must live in the state s/he represents;
  • is one of the total of 435 members elected every two years;
  • age limit: 25 max. age limit: NO; U.S. residence: yes; min. length: 7 yrs

Member of the Senate:

  • must live in the state s/he represents;
  • is one of the total of 100; each state gives two senators;
  • age limit: 30 max. age limit: NO; U.S. residence:  yes; min. length: 9 yrs;
  • 1/3 of the Senate is elected every two years, a senator is elected for 6 years;
  • the President of the Senate is the Vice President

THE JUDICIAL BRANCH

  • courts; the highest is: the Supreme Court
  • Chief Justices are chosen by the President and approved by The Senate
  • length of term: till death or retirement
  • decides if a bill is unconstitutional or not

 

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